The original name of the city was Tsaritsyn. The city was renamed Stalingrad after Joseph Stalin on April 10, 1925.
Under Stalin, the city became a center of heavy industry and transshipment by rail and river, and as a result was attacked by Axis forces during World War II. In 1942, the city became the site of one of the pivotal battles of the war. The Battle of Stalingrad saw perhaps the greatest casualty figures of any battle in warfare, with estimates that vary between 1,250,000 and 1,800,000.
In 1961, the name was changed from Stalingrad to Volgograd ("Volga City") as part of Nikita Khrushchev's programme of de-Stalinization.
In the parodies
The city appears in parodies that use scenes from Enemy at the Gates (2001), Stalingrad (1993), and Stalingrad (2013). It is also mentioned in several other parodies. Hans von Witzland also fought in Stalingrad.