The Soviet Union formed when the Bolsheviks, a Marxist party led by Vladimir Lenin, attempted to overthrow Tsar Nicholas II and institute a communal state. The ensuing Russian Civil War between the Red Bolshevik Army and the Tsarist White Army led to the nation withdrawing from the First World War and the eventual establishment of the Soviet Union. After Lenin's death, he was succeeded by Joseph Stalin, who consolidated his power and turned the country into a totalitarian regime. The Soviet Union existed as a single-party state ruled by the Communist Party from its foundation until 1990. A union which eventually included 15 subnational Soviet republics, the Soviet state was structured under a highly-centralized government and economy.
In June 1941, Nazi Germany and its allies invaded the Soviet Union, breaking the non-aggression pact, which the latter had signed in 1939. After four years of brutal warfare, the Soviet Union emerged victorious as one of the world's two superpowers, the other being the United States.
In the late 1980s, the last Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev tried to reform the state with his policies of perestroika, a system of limited free enterprise, and glasnost, the restoration of free press. However, these policies led to the unintentional weakening ofthe Soviet Union, which formally dissolved in December 1991.
It should be noted that using the gentilice Russians is wrong, firstly for historical reasons, and secondly, the Soviet Union was at the time comprised of another 14 Republics. This would be akin to the United States abusing the word America, which refers to a continent.
In Downfall UniverseEdit
The Soviet Union is the arch-nemesis of the Nazi Germany, whom they are at war. The main leader of the Soviet Union during the Downfall Parodies is Joseph Stalin. Since they have reached Berlin, the Soviets present the greatest threat to the bunker inhabitants' existence.
The Soviet Union is the main setting of Stalin Parodies.